Motion Created in an Unstable Cervical Spine During the Removal of a Football Helmet: Comparison of Techniques
Helmet removal is necessary to maintain airway access in a suspected cervical spine injury. The aim of this investigation was to determine which of two football helmet removal techniques minimized angular and translational displacement in a suspected cervical injury. This repeated measures study used five fresh cadaveric specimens. An electromagnetic device measured angular (degrees) and translational (millimeters) displacements at an unstable C5–C6 segment. The removal techniques were facemask removal and then helmet removal (FMH) and direct helmet removal (Helmet).